THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
Committee for Collecting Data on
Crimes Committed against Humanity
and International Law
THE KILLINGS OF CIVILIANS IN KOZARSKA DUBICA
ON 18 SEPTEMBER 1995
Kozarska Dubica (Bosanska Dubica before) is situated on the right bank of the river Una, which divides the Republic of Srpska and Croatia. The left bank of the Una formed part of the Republic of Srpska Krajina until 4 August 1995, when the Croatian Army occupied that area.
Up to that time, Dubica and the surrounding villages were occasionally shelled from Croatia's territory.
On 18 September 1995, about 11 o'clock, members of the Croatian Army crossed the Una and entered the territory of the Republic of Srpska, in the Kozarska Dubica area. Croatian soldiers were wearing helmets on their heads and bullet-proof vests.
Members of the 2nd Guard Brigade "Thunders" and members of the l7th, 2nd and lst Home Guard Regiments also participated in this attack. Members of the 2nd Guard Brigade's Shock Unit called "'The Black Mambas" had a special role in the killing of civilians.
On that occasion, members of the Croatian Army were killing all the Serbs, civilians, whom they found on the route of their advance. The attack was directed toward the KNEŽOPOLJKA (TIK) factory, which was in operation at the time. They killed the largest number of civilians on the plateau in front of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory.
The following civilians were killed on that occasion:
1. Babić Mile, from Kozarska Dubica, 23 Djakona Avakuma St.(Lieka, bb) born on 12 March 1947 in Dubica, father Stojan, mother Dušanka nee Batajia, employed with the firm TPPM. On 18 September 1995 he was at work and was shot dead in his car, as a civilian, by members of the Croatian Army (evidence: 725/96-46, 727/96-10, 727/96-12, 727/96-31, 36/97-1, 300/98).
2. Bakić Miroslavka, from the village of Vrioci, the Municipality of Bosanska Dubica, born in 1960 in Bosanska Dubica, father Dušan, killed near the bridge (evidence: 36/97-1).
3. Berberavić Dušan, pensioner, from Verija, born on 6 May 1)34, at Živaja, the Municipality of Kostajnica, father Milan, mother Ljubica nee Bivković, killed when he encountered Croatian soldiers (evidence: 727/96-23 and 36/97-1).
4. Bobar Marinko, from the village of Verija, the Municipality of Bosanska Dubica, born on 14 December 1943, in Banja Luka, killed when he encountered Croatian soldiers near the old school centre (evidence: 36/97-1).
5. Bobar Milka, from Malo Dvorište, the Municipality of Dubica, born on 8 January 1953, in Knežica, father Gojko, severely wounded on 18 September 1995 in the village Knežica, died on 7 October 1995 in Belgrade, as a consequence of wounding (evidence: 36/97-18).
6. Budimir Dragan, from the village of Špilje, was intercepted by Croatian soldiers while driving a motorbike and killed (evidence: 727/96-7, 727/96-39, 727/96-41, 727/96-52).
7. Budimir Miloš, from Vrioci, born on 7 July 1954, in Bosanska Dubica, father Milorad, mother Draginja nee Pekić, killed by Croatian soldiers when he stepped out of his house (evidence: 727/96-14, 727/96-45, 727/96-55, 36/97-1 300/98).
8. Bukva Milorad, from Komlenac, born on 31 January 1961, in Bosanska Dubica, father Milan, mother Milica nee Burazer, killed in the car as he went to fetch his wife after which the car was set on fire, so his body went up in flames (evidence: 727/96-16, 30, 33, 47, 51; 36/97-1, 300/98).
9. Bulić Zoran, from the village of Bjelajci, born on 18 April 1962 in Bosanska Dubica, father Ratko, killed in the village of Gradina (evidence: 727/96-56, 36/97-1, 300/98).
10. Vukmirović Branislav, machinist-locksmith, from Kozarska Dubica, M. Antiaa St. bb, born on 29 March 1958 in Bosanska Dubica, father Nikola, mother Nevenka nee Petrović, employed with the firm TPPM Kozarska Dubica, was at his workplace on 18 September 1995, where he was killed (evidence: 725/96-46, 727/96-10, 727/96-31, 36/97-1, 300/98).
11. Grbić Miloš, from the village of Komlenac, born on 25 November 1965 in Sisak, father Milan, killed in the Cara Lazara St. (evidence: 727/96-52, 36/97-1, 300/98).
12 Dabia Milan (evidence: 725/96-7).
13. Derikuća Dmitar, from Dubica, M. Antića St. bb, born on 27 October 1952 in Bosanska Dubica, father Djuro, killed and burned up in Milorad Bukva’s car (evidence: 727/96-47, 36/97-1, 300/98).
14. Dragaš Djuro, from Kozarska Dubica, 70 Vidovdanska St., born on 15 July 1965 in Bosanska Dubica, father Sava, killed at the firm TIK (evidence: 725/96-46, 36/97-1, 300/98).
15. Dragićević Draginja, from the village of Vrioci bb, born on 17 March 191) in the village of Špilja, father Jovan Nikoletia, was wounded and taken by Dragan Slijepac to receive medical aid, but Croatian soldiers stopped them in the Major Milan Tepia St. and killed them all (evidence: 727/96-24, 727/96-39, 727/96-45, 727/96-53, 36/97-1, 36/97-18, 300/98).
16. Djurić Mirko, from Kozarska Dubica, 35 Ustanička St., born on 17 July 1936 at Prusci, the Municipality of Bosanski Novi, father Sava, mother Miljka nee Marinković, employed with the firm TPPM in Kozarska Dubica, killed on 19 September 1995. (evidence: 300/98)
17. ZavišIć Djordje, from Kozarska Dubica, born on 1 April 1950 in Bosanska Dubica, father Sreta, employed with the firm DR.M, phoned to his 11 year-old daughter that he was coming home, but was killed on his way home at the bridge (evidence: 725/96-7, 727/96-33, 727/96-50, 36/97-1, 300/98).
18. Zakić Mladjen, textile worker, from the village of Vrioci bb, born on 12 December 1935 in Jasenje, father Dušan, mother Jelica nee Čadjo, killed at the old school as he was coming out from the factory at which he worked (evidence: 727/96-15, 36/97-1, 300/98).
19. Zgonjanin Dušan, driver, born on 13 August 1946, in Zenica, father Stojan, mother Danica nee Knežević, living at 7 Prvomajska St., employed with the Firm "TPPM" Kozarska Dubica. Killed in a car which was ambushed by the Croatian Army in the Major Tepić St. (evidence: 727/96-10, 727/96-31, 36/97-1, 300/98).
20. Mataruga Djuka, living at Vladimira Jovanovića St. bb, born on 6 April 1939 in Bosanska Dubica, father Rade, employed with the firm DRM, killed on 18 September 1995 (evidence: 727/96-7, 36/97-1, 300/98).
21. Macura Milenko, from Kozarska Dubica, 55 Vidovdanska St., born on 17 June 1959 in Bosanska Dubica, father Milenko, mother Kosa nee Radulović, was at his workplace and after the attack was launched, he set off for his home where his children were. He was killed in the street by Croatian soldiers while trying to help a wounded man (evidence: 727/96-18, 36/97-1, 300/98).
22. Mirnić Dragoslav, pupil, from Kozarska Dubica, born on 13 February 1978 in Bosanska Dubica, father Stanoje, mother Ljiljana nee Beria, caught and killed by Croatian soldiers in the Major Milan Tepić St. (evidence: 727/96-54, 36/97-1, 36/97-18, 300/98).
23. Pokrajac Sreto, Petra Pecije St. bb, born on 3 March 1958 in Bosanska Dubica, father Milan, mother Radosava nee Nikić, killed on 18 Septembar 1995, at the enterprise "TIK" (evidence: 727/96-16, 727/96-23, 36/97-1, 300/98).
24. Pralica Djuro, living in Špilja bb, born on 2 April 1934 at Tukljueani, Bosanska Dubica Municipality, father Miloš, killed at the firm KNEŽOPOLJKA TEXTILE INDUSTRY, as he was leaving the factory (evidence: 727/96-14, 727/96-15, 727/96-16, 36/97-l).
25. Puškar Ilija, from Kostajnica, born on 10 February in Kostajnica, killed on 18 September 1995, his body was found in the river (evidence: 36/97-1).
26. Ranilović (Rašlavić) Milan, pensioner,from Kozarska Dubica,106 Major Milan Tepić St., born on 12 May 1935 at Čelebinci, Bosanska Dubica Municipality, father Pera, mother Kosa nee škara, killed in his yard (evidence: 725/96-9, 36/97-1, 36/97-18, 300/98).
27. Reljić Svetozar - Svetko, from the village of Suvaja, Kozarska Dubica Municipality, born on 2 May 1934 in Suvaja, on 18 September 1995 was captured at Vrioci, by members of Croatian Army, and after horrible torture was killed at Hrvatska Dubica (evidence: 727/96-17, 727/96-20, 36/97-4, 300/98).
28. Rokić Milan, from the village of Donja Gradina, No. 57, born on 1 January 1956 in Bosanska Dubica, father Mladen, killed in the Cara Lazara St. (Evidence: 36/97-1, 300/98).
29. Slijepac Dragan, from Vrioci bb, Kozarska Dubica Municipality, born on 7 August 1953 in Bosanska Dubica, father Boško, employed with the firm TIK, killed on 18 September 1995 when he took wounded women, Draginja Nikoletić, Anka and Milka Crljenica, to a doctor by his car. In the Major Tepić St. they were stopped by Croatian soldiers who killed them all (evidence: 725/96-7, 725/96-22, 725/96-33, 725/96-45, 300/98).
30. Slijepčević Milenko, born 1991 in Dubica, father Momčilo, Miloša Obilić St. bb, killed on 18 September 1995 (evidence: 36/97-1, 300/98).
31. Stegić Rade, graduate engineer, born on 15 September 1958 in Bosanska Dubica, father Dušan, killed in a car which ran into the Croation Army's ambush (evidence: 725/96-7, 725/96-46, 727/96-10, 727/96-31, 36/97-1, 300/98).
32. Timarac (Tumarac ?) Petar, living at 17 Žarka Zgonjanina St., born on 12 July 1946 at Brezik, Našice Municipality, father Stjepan, mother Perka nee Narandžić, employed with the TEXTILE INDUSTRY KNEŽOPOLJKA, killed in the vicinity of his Firm (evidence: 36/97-1, 300/98).
33. Tomas Mile, carpenter, from the village of Suvaja, bb, born on 15 April 1948 at Suvaja, Bosanska Dubica Municipality, father Marko, mother Rosa nee Popović, killed by a shell which went off in the courtyard of the Elementary School "St. Sava" (evidence: 727/96-52, 36/97-1, 300/98).
34. Trubarac Radovan, mechanical engineer, from Kozarska Dubica, Desanke Maksimović St. bb, (Beogradska St., bb) born on 8 February (11 November) 1953 at Mlječanica, Dubica Municipality, father Radoje, mother Nevenka nee Popović, employed with the firm TPPM Kozarska Dubica, killed in a car, in the vicinity of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory (evidence: 725/96-7, 725/96-46, 727/96-11, 727/96-31, 36/97-l, 300/98).
35. Tubić Ranko, from the village of Ušivac bb, Kozarska Dubica Municipality, born 6 May 1965 in Bosanska Dubica, father Marinko, killed in Cara Lazara St. (evidence: 727/96-33, 727/96-52, 36/97-1, 300/98).
36. Ćibić Manda, born on 13 December 1938 in Kozarska Dubica, father Vid, killed in a car together with her husband Petar (evidence: 725/96-46, 36/97-18, 300/98).
37. Ćibić (Čibić) Petar, pensioner, from Kozarska Dubica, 1 Žrtava fašističkog terora St., born on 11 February 1934 at ševarlije, Bosanska Dubica Municipality, father Ljubomir, killed in a car on the motorway Kostajnica Kozarska Dubica (evidence: 727/96-39, 36/97-l, 36/97-18, 300/98).
38. Ćirić Slobodan, technician, from the village of Medjuvodje bb, Kozarska Dubica Municipality, born on 22 September 1970 in Sisak, father Ratko, mother Mileva nee Milivojac, killed in the vicinity of the socially-owned enterprise PREDINAC (evidence: 727/96-33, 36/97-1, 300/98).
39. Šušić Milenko, from the village of Hadžibair bb, born on 13 February 1943 in Kotor Varoš, father Aleksa, killed near the bridge (evidence: 36/97-1, 300/98).
40. HašIć Muris, living at Cara Lazara St. bb, born on 25 February 1951 in Pirot, father Ilijaz, killed in his street on 18 September 1995 (evidence: 36/97-1).
41. Crljenica Anka, from the village of Mrazovci bb, born on 30 July 1923 in Ševarlije, father Arsenije, was wounded by a shell, and Dragan Slijepac took her by his car to receive medical aid, but they were stopped in the Major Milan Tepia St. and killed by Croatian soldiers (evidence: 727/96-24, 727/96-39, 727/96-45, 727/96-53, 36/97-18, 300/98).
42. Crljenica Milan, from Kozarska Dubica, 134 Major Milan Tepić St., born on 22 May 1960 (1961) in Dubica, father Miloš, mother Stojka, killed in front of his house (evidence: 725/96-7, 36/97-1, 300/98).
43. Crljenica Milka, from the village of Mrazovci, born on 12 July 1916 in Mrazovci, father Rade, was wounded and Dragan Slijepac was taking her to receive medical aid, but he was stopped in Nlajor Milan Tepić St. by Croatian soldiers who killed them (evidence: 727/96-23, 727/96-39, 727/96-45, 727/96-3, 36/97-18, 300/98).
44. Šipka Ranko, from the village of Bjelajci, Kozarska Dubica Municipality, born on 3 June 1956 in Bjelajci, father Vlada, killed near the bridge (evidence: 36/97-1, 725/96-7, 300/98).
45. Štegić Rade, from Kozarska Dubica, V. Jovanoviaa St. bb, born on 15 September 1958 in Bosanska Dubica, father Dušan, employed with the firm TPPM Kozarska Dubica, killed in a car.
46. Šuvak Aleksa, from Kozarska Dubica, Hadžibair, born on 3 May 1937 in Bosanska Dubica, father Luka, killed on the bridge (evidence: 725/96-7, 725/96-46 and 36/97-1).
In this attack of 18 September 1995, the following were wounded among
Major destruction of the town and its surroundings occurred during the Croatian Army’s attack on Kozarska Dubica on 18 September 1995.
The Following facilities were damaged or destroyed by shelling:
- in the SVETOSAVSKA St. - residential building No. 7 (severely damaged with 10 shells); the building No. l, in which the pharmacy was located; the building of the library and the radio station (broken window panes, damaged front facade and the roof; the building No. 36 (damaged business premises); the building No. 31 where the "Beko" shop is (damaged business premises); the building of kindergarten (damaged, broken window panes).
- in the VOJVODE PUTNIKA St. - a ground-floor house of an unknown owner; Vasa Karan's house; Dragoljub TošIć's house, Milan Petković's house and shop.
- in the VIDOVDANSKA St. - the ground-floor house No. 6 was hit.
- in the KNEZA MIHAJLA St. - the ground-floor houses Nos. 20 and 22 were hit.
- in the DJURDJEVDANSKA St. - the ground-floor house No. 8 was hit.
- in the KOSOVSKIH JUNAKA St. - the family house at No. 7 was hit.
- in the UGLJEŠA MILAIVOVIĆ St. - the Nikolić's family house was hit.
- in the VESELINA MASLEŠE St. - the house No.15, property of Ljuban Trubarac went up in flames.
- in the NIKOLA PAŠIĆ Sq. - Mirko Mijalković's house was severely damaged.
- in the KNEŽOPOLJSKA St. - private houses were hit.
- in the UNSKA St. - Husein Beairevia's private house was hit (the roof was totally destroyed and the interior severely damaged) as well as Milan Stojnia's house.
- in the MILAlNA TEPIĆA St. - the pump station and the building No. 29 were hit.
- in the CARA LAZARA St. - Avdija Palić's house was hit.
- in the UROšA PREDIĆA St. - the houses of Ismet Palić, Steva Skrobić, Perica Bundalo, Milorad Kondić, Milutin Novaković and Dragomir Dragaš were hit.
- in the BRAĆE RADIČEVIĆA St. - the houses of Damjan Borojević, Mirko Katia and Dragan Bašia were hit.
- in the MAJOR GAVRILOVIĆ St. - the houses of Pera Šašljar, Ljuban Toroman and Dragan Ićitović were hit.
- in the BRANKA RADIČEVIĆA St. - the houses of Dragan Čupić, Milorad Čolić and Milinko Trivić were hit.
- in the SKENDERA KULENOVIĆA St. - the houses of Mića Petrović and Gojko RožIć were hit.
- in the VLATKA VUKOVIĆA St. - the houses of Sima Pekić and Dževad Rahmanović were hit.
- in the BRATSKIH KOMLUNA St. - the houses of Mila Mandić, Benzad TravančIć, Sadbin Metić, Nedeljko Babić, Živko Gubić, Mirko Djenadić and two houses of unidentified owners were hit.
- in the MIROSLAVA ANTIĆA St. - the houses of Slavko Latinović, Vasa Pejić and Mlinko Marin were hit.
- in the KNINSKA St. - the house of Borislav Pekić was hit.
- in the DAVIDOV TRG St. - the Ćustićes' house was hit.
- in the DOSITEJA OBRADOVICA St. - the houses of Ljubica KasabašIć, Slobodan Gojić and Vinka Hodžić; Dušan Kotarac's cafe, the premises of the buy-in station were hit.
- in the MEŠE SELIMOVIĆA St. - the houses of Borko Kotur and Ivan Kodak were hit.
- in the USTANIČKA St. - the houses of Mara Kotarac, Darko Miši and Marinko Hrnjak were hit.
- in the DUŠANA SILNOG St. - the house of Pepa Farago was hit.
- in the CVIJIĆEVA St. - the houses of Stanko Babić, Ilija Bjević and Irfan Brkić were hit.
- The COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTRE - in the part of the building where the children's ward and gynecology ward are situated (the damaged roof, the facade and broken window panes).
- The building of the FIRST-INSTANCE COURT - five shells hit the roof, and three penetrated in the interior of the building, in the part of it where the courtroom for criminal cases and the Court's office are situated. The roof frame of the building was completely destroyed. The archives, the land registry and catastral records were destroyed, too making it impossible for the Court to operate in that building.
- The TOWN HALL was hit by three shells, of which one penetrated the front wall and inflicted severe damage on the telephone exchange which is not operational any more.
- The elementary school "VUK KARADŽIĆ" was hit by several shells which fell in the courtyard, breaking the window panes and damaging the facade.
Also hit were the following:
- The elementary school "SVETI SAVA"
- The school centre "NIKOLA TESLA"
- The "SIPAD" furniture factory
- The "KNEŽOPOLJKA" factory - a 20 m long part of the roof was completely destroyed
- The AGRICULTULTURAL MACHINES FACTORY - a production plant was damaged
- The SPORTS HALL - hit and damaged
- The GREEN MARKET - 8 shells fell, damaging several facilities at the market
- The ARSENIĆS' PETROL STATION
- The PRIVATE HOUSES of: Dragan Rueanov, Milorad Ššpanović, Milan Ćibić, Miloš Nikoletić and Milorad Draganić
- The quarter PUHALO - 6 residential buildings were hit and damaged
- The village of GRADINA - the houses of Djura Ninić, Marko Rokić, Branko Vukić, Drena Milošević, Milan Pjević, Stojan Pjević, Mile Batar, Vasa Gačić, Dušanka Vukić, Bogdan Vukić, Kosa Korica, Momir Španović, Dragoje Korica and Dragan Korica were hit and damaged, as well as the Draksenić shop
- The village of MEDJEDJA - the houses of Mirko Kosović, Milan Vidović, Nenad Djekić, Slobodan Lončar and Milan Škondrić; the farm Lipova greda (12 hogs were killed)
- The village of DEMIROVAC - the houses of Rada Babić, Mirko Rašić and Dragan Sladojević
- The village of MEDJUVODJE - the house of Radoslav Latinović
- The village of KNEŽICE - the houses of Nebojša Novaković and Milan Dragojlović; the building of the farm cooperative; the elementary school "Majka Knežopoljka"; the factory KNEŽOPOLJKA
- Damaged cars - "Jugo 55", licence plates PD 771-58; "Zastava 101" PD 101-83;
"Renault 25", property of the enterprise "Mehanikä'; "Volkswagen" PD 771-39; "Zastava 101" PD 101-83; "Zastava 101" PD 785-86; "Zastava 101" PD 100-33; "Lada" PD 728- 48; "Jugo" PD 429-58; "Jugo koral" PD 756-56 (burned up); "Audi 80", no licence plates (burned up) "Moskvič" PD 448-07 (burned up); "Moskvič" PD 441-30 (burned up).
According to the estimates of the investigating team of the First -instance court, the town was shelled with some 4,000 artillery grenades.
4.1. The witness 727/96-20, born in 1938, on the reserve forces of the army of the Republica Srpska, testified:
...I and Svetozar Reljić were ambushed by Croatian soldiers who captured us and took us by boat over the Una to the village of Baein in the Hrvatska Dubica area. They tied us immediately, and then started to beat us and trampled on us.
These Croatian soldiers were wearing markings "The Black Mambas" and they took us to the Forestry Office in Hrvatska Dubica. In front of that building they beat us so that I fainted. "In the Forestry Office they beat us horrendously again and then took us to Josip Batinović, to whom we did not want to tell where our positions were and then he said "Take them out and do with them whatever you want". After that, they tied us with a rope in such a manner that the rope went under our necks, along our backs tying it around our legs and hands, so if we moved our legs or hands, the rope would tighten around our necks. They called it the "death rope".
After that, they set on fire some plastic material above our heads so it melted and that hot material fell on our heads and shoulders and went down our arms and other parts of our bodies. As they did it, Croatian soldiers laughed while we were in terrible pain.
Then they ordered us to stretch our hands for them to hit them with tips of knives and make notches, and after that they cut me across the forehead. They also cut me around the ears, on the head and back. They jumped on me in their boots as we lay there and I sustained 7 broken ribs.
They asked me and Svetozar whetherwe could swim, and when we told them we could not they told us that we would swim in the Una.
Then the "death rope" strangled Svetozar so they ordered me to take his body in a wheel-barrow to the Una.
When we reached the Una, I managed to jump in the water while they were firing after me and hit me in the leg. I somehow managed to save myself. I managed to swim across the Una and was given first aid at the Community Health Centre in Dubica, and later spent a while in hospital.
I have told only a part of what I have been through since 18 September, around 4 p.m. when I was captured until the early morning of the next day. They put a knife near my eye several times and wanted to gouge it. Even today, when I remember this, I relive all these memories and then I cannot sleep.
At one point, they threatened me and Svetozar that they would bring us a doctor who would inject some poison in our veins and then we would say all the things that we did not want to say.
They even sent a soldier to find that doctor, but I suppose did not find him...
4.2. The witness 727/96-33 stated:
...I happened to be near the factory KNEŽOPOLJKA in Dubica, on 18 September 1995. When they saw my car, Croatian soldiers started to fire on me. My car was completely riddled by bullets.
Croatian soldiers were wearing helmets and they had "The Black Mambas" markings on their sleeves.
My cousin Ranko Tubić was killed in that attack and I also saw many bodies of other killed Serbs. A large number of elderly men and women were killed, including Djoko Zavišić, Slobodan Ćirić, Dragan Slijepac, Milorad Bukva, etc.
After the Croatian Army withdrew, there were 9 bodies left of Croatian soldiers killed in action having personal documents on them. Among them there was also Josip Macan who used to be Josip Paragä s personal driver, and Franjo Tudjman himselfes interested in the return of his body. Dražen Pajsera, a personal driver of Nikica Valentić, the Croatian Prime Minister, was also killed.
I saw bodies of killed Serbs and noted that the majority of them were strangled by some sort of wire and that they were massacred. I also saw a body of a boy who could not be older than 15. Beside him were his eyes, gouged out. I do not know his name...
4.3. The witness 725/96-7, who was born in Dubica 1963, where she lived, testified:
...The Croatian Army attacked Dubica on 18 September 1995 after 11 o'clock. I was in my house. My daughters, aged 4 and 7, were with me. Together with my daughters there were also the Milan Crljenica's daughters, younger one aged 8 and the elder aged 9.
Croatian soldiers crossed the Una. They were wearing masks and their faces were painted. On the left sleeve of their uniforms they wore "The Black Mambas" markings.
As soon as they arrived, these soldiers told me and my children and the children of the neighbour Milan Crljenica to lie down on the grass in front of the house. Then Milan Crljenica appeared and he was also ordered by Croatian soldiers to lie down.
After that, one of the soldiers shot Milan in the head several times, before his children who were in his immediate proximity. After killing Milan, these soldiers ordered me to take my and Milan's daughters across the street to Desa Pralica's house. There we were locked in one room and ordered to lie down on the floor and not to get up.
During our stay in that house, the elder daughter of Milan Crljenica asked me whether Croatian soldiers would kill us and what would happen if they do. I saw that the children were terribly frightened. I tried to explain to her that hopefully we would not be killed.
We spent a whole day and a whole night in that house, and tomorrow Croatian soldiers withdrew.
There were also two women among the Croatian soldiers wearing "The Black Mambas" uniforms.
In the territory of Dubica, Croatian soldiers were killing women and elderly people as well. That is how Djordje Zavišić, Djuka Mataruga, Dragan Budimir, Ranko Šipka, Aleska Šuvak, Dragan Slijepac, Radovan Trubac, Rade Stegić, Milan Dabić and others were killed...
4.4. The witness 725/96-46 testified:
...I was in Kozarska Dubica on 18 September 1995 when Croatian soldiers attacked the area of Dubica, in the territory of the Republic of Srpska, from the left bank of the Una, in the territory of Croatia.
Members of the Croatian Army directed their attack toward the factory KNEŽOPOLJKA in which the first shift was working and in which there were some 370-400 workers. Since we were informed that there were many wounded people, I took a van with a visible Red Cross markings and went to the other side of the factory to help transport the wounded. I spotted an elderly man named Tepić who was wounded and we took him in the van and went on. Then I saw Croatian soldiers who were some 30 ms away from me. they opened fierce fire from infantry weapons on the vehicle. Our vehicle was incapacitated for further driving.
I saw a lot of killed civilians who were in the immediate proximity of the factory KNEŽOPOLJKA, but I could not reach their bodies.
The following day, when the Croatian Army withdrew I learned that they had killed, as they advanced all civilians, elderly men and women who were in their houses at the time. I learned that about 45 civilians were killed. Among them were Mile Babić, Rade Štegić, Radovan Trubac, :Manda Ćibić, Djuro Dragaš, Branislav Vukmirović, Aleksa Šuvak and others.
In this attack a large number of residential buildings, factory machine rooms, as well as the Secondary School "Nikola Tesla".
Members of the Croatian Army also wounded some 70 civilians in Dubica...
4.5. The witness 727/96-39, who was born in 1916, a pensioner, testified:
...On 18 September 199_ I was at my home in Kozarska Dubica. Around 11 o'clock one could hear strong artillery fire and several grenades fell in the vicinity of my house, so I hid in the cellar. After some time, Croatian soldiers appeared at the cellar door, pointed their guns at me and ordered me to come out of the cellar.1'hen some thirty Croatian soldiers surrounded me. They asked me where my husband and children were and I told them that I had only a daughter and a son-in-law and that they were in Germany, so Croatian soldiers asked for money. They threatened to kill me unless I gave them the money, and then they entered the house and searched it, cursing my Serbian and my Chetnik mother.
At one point, I saw a men on the motorbike coming down the street and Croatian soldiers stopped him. When he came near them they shot and killed him. Later on, I learned that that was Dragan Budimir.
After Croatian soldiers were expelled in the course of the night to the other bank of the Una, I saw bodies of killed Pera Ćibić and his in-law Draginja Nikoletia, as well as those of Milka and Anka Crljenica near my house. There were other bodies on the road, near the factory KNEŽOPOIJKA...
4.6. The witness 727/96-26 stated:
.. My husband Ranko Grbić, born in 1946, was captured by members of the Croatian Army, on 12 September 1995, as a member of the reserve force of the army of the Republika Srpska, when they attacked the area of Kozarska Dubica. My husband was captured and taken to Croatia's territory.
I was informed through the Red Cross that he was alive and was currently, in the Lora camp in Split...
4.7. The witness 727/96-30, who was born in 1963, stated:
...On September 1995, around 11 o'clock, I was going from Kozarska Dubica back to my village when the terrible shooting started. As I came across the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory, I sighted several soldiers who had helmets on their heads and bullet-proof vests. They stopped me and only then did I realise that they were Croatian soldiers. I noticed the "Black Mambas" markings on their sleeves. They ordered me to come with them and brought me into some woman's house, where I was until the Croatian Army was expelled.
When the Croatian soldiers took me with them I passed by burning cars and on that occasion I saw in one vehicle killed Milorad Buha whom I knew from before.
Not far away, there were 10 -15 bodies of people killed. I also spotted one decapitated body.
As we were going past the killed, the Croatian soldiers cursed their Serbian mother and said that all Serbs would be killed in that way...
4.8. The witness 727/96-15 stated:
...I was among the last ones to leave the factory KNEŽOPOLJKA. On that occasion, Croatian soldiers killed Djura Pralica and Mladjen Zakić.
4.9. The witness 272/96-16, worker of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory, testified:
...I was at my workplace when the Croatian Army attacked Kozarska Dubica on 18 September 1995. We broke through the wire fence of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory as Croatian soldiers were entering the factory through the main gate.
At one point, Croatian soldiers were some 50 ms away from me and then I saw them kill Djura Pralica...
4.10. The witness 727/96-35, member of the police force in Kozarska Dubica, testified:
...On 18 September 1995 I was in the police station when, around 11 o'clock, the Croatian Army launched an attack on the area of Kozarska Dubica, from the left bank of the Una.
I went in the direction of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory, in order to go out what it was about and then I saw that the attack was directed towards this very factory. I also saw civilians who were leaving their houses and fleeing, and cars on fire near the Factory.
At the time of the Croatian Army's attack, some 350 to 400 workers were at their workplaces. They were leaving the factory on the rear side, as they broke the wire fence.
I was infromed that this attack was carried out by members of the 2nd Guard Brigade of the Croatian Army, wearing markings "The Black Mambas". As they were withdrawing, they left behind 9 bodies of their killed soldiers. The IDs with the exact particulars of those soldiers were found on them. The topographic map with the Croatian Army's attack direction drawn in the map was also found on them. On one map it was written "Action Drina 1995."...
4.11. The witness 727/96-31 stated:
...My brother Dušan Zgonjanin was in his car, make "Renault", together with Rade Stegia, Radovan Trubarac, Mile Babia and Branislav Vukumirović, and he was driving in the direction of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory, where they ran into members of the Croatian Army who opened fire on my brother's vehicle, and killed all five of them. The Stegić's body was found bullet-riddled in the car, and the bodies of the other four were found nearby. My conclusion is that they were ordered by Croatian soldiers to get out of the car and then they killed them...
4.12. The witness 727/96-5 stated:
...When on 18 September 1995 we heard shooting, I met T.M. and we drove in his car along the Milana Tepića street, in order to establish what was going on.
When we were about 30 ms away from the gate of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory, I noticed a group of soldiers and since we concluded that they were Croatian soldiers, T.M. suddenly turned the car in the opposite direction. Then soldiers opened fire on us and wounded me in the head.
But, despite that, after I received first aid we organised the front line, assisted by the police, and managed to push Croatian soldiers who had entered the town near the factory KNEŽOPOLJKA back over the Una.
I noticed that we were dealing with very well trained and heavily armed soldiers.
Tomorrow we found a large number of killed civilians at the point where Croatian soldiers crossed the Una...
4.13. The witness 727/96-14, driver from Dubica, stated:
...Around 11 o'clock, the Croatian Army opened heavy artillery fire on Dubica and plants of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory from the left bank of the Una. At one point, they opened fire on on the centre of the town as well as on the villages in its vicinity and the Croatian Army advanced in the direction of the KNEŽOPOLJKA factory.
When we in the factory noticed that, we broke the fence for the workers to get out. We saw that Croatian soldiers were killing civilians who happened to be on the route of their advance.
When Miloš Budimir came on his motorbike, he was killed on the spot by Croatian soldiers. Then Djuro Pralica came by, and he was killed as well...